Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Discovery of an intrinsic tenase complex inhibitor: Pure nonasaccharide from fucosylated glycosaminoglycan.

PMID 26100870


Selective inhibition of the intrinsic coagulation pathway is a promising strategy for developing safer anticoagulants that do not cause serious bleeding. Intrinsic tenase, the final and rate-limiting enzyme complex in the intrinsic coagulation pathway, is an attractive but less explored target for anticoagulants due to the lack of a pure selective inhibitor. Fucosylated glycosaminoglycan (FG), which has a distinct but complicated and ill-defined structure, is a potent natural anticoagulant with nonselective and adverse activities. Herein we present a range of oligosaccharides prepared via the deacetylation-deaminative cleavage of FG. Analysis of these purified oligosaccharides reveals the precise structure of FG. Among these fragments, nonasaccharide is the minimum fragment that retains the potent selective inhibition of the intrinsic tenase while avoiding the adverse effects of native FG. In vivo, the nonasaccharide shows 97% inhibition of venous thrombus at a dose of 10 mg/kg in rats and has no obvious bleeding risk. This nonasaccharide may therefore serve as a novel promising anticoagulant.