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Nature neuroscience

Nuclear pore complex remodeling by p75(NTR) cleavage controls TGF-β signaling and astrocyte functions.


PMID 26120963

Abstract

Astrocytes modulate neuronal activity and inhibit regeneration. We show that cleaved p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) is a component of the nuclear pore complex (NPC) required for glial scar formation and reduced gamma oscillations in mice via regulation of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling. Cleaved p75(NTR) interacts with nucleoporins to promote Smad2 nucleocytoplasmic shuttling. Thus, NPC remodeling by regulated intramembrane cleavage of p75(NTR) controls astrocyte-neuronal communication in response to profibrotic factors.