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Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Paralcaligenes ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from ginseng cultivated soil.


PMID 26122887

Abstract

A novel bacterial strain DCY104(T) isolated from soil of a ginseng field in Yeoncheon County, Republic of Korea is described in this study. Cells were short rod-shaped, motile by mean of one polar flagellum, strictly aerobic, Gramreaction negative, oxidase and catalase-positive. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain DCY104(T) shared highest similarity 98.2 % to Paralcaligenes ureilyticus GR24-5(T), and from 97.7 to 97.1 % with other type strains belong to the genera Candidimonas, Pusillimonas and Parapusillimonas Otherwise, phylogenetic trees analyses indicated that strain DCY104(T) belongs to a single group with P. ureilyticus GR24-5(T) that was distinct to other genera. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and diphosphatidylglycerol. The major cellular fatty acids consisted of C16:0, cyclo-C17:0, and summed feature 8 (comprising C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c). The predominant polyamine was putrescine. The ubiquinone was Q-8. The genomic DNA G+C content was 55.9 mol%. These data in combination with the presence of one polar flagellum and positive activity of urease confirmed the placement of strain DCY104(T) in the genus Paralcaligenes. DNA-DNA relatedness between strain DCY104(T) and P. ureilyticus KACC 13888(T) was 40 %. The differences in the profiles of polar lipids, fatty acids and phenotypic characteristics in combination with DNA-DNA relatedness delineated strain DCY104(T) and P. ureilyticus KACC 13888(T). In summary, taxonomic analyses in this study demonstrated that strain DCY104(T) represents a novel species within the genus Paralcaligenes, for which we propose the name Paralcaligenes ginsengisoli. The type strain is DCY104(T) (= KCTC 42406(T) = JCM 30746(T)).