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Life sciences

The influence of caffeine on the activity of moclobemide, venlafaxine, bupropion and milnacipran in the forced swim test in mice.


PMID 26135623

Abstract

Worrying data indicate that excessive caffeine intake applies to patients suffering from mental disorders, including depression. It is thus possible to demonstrate the usefulness of caffeine and its derivatives in the treatment of depression. The main goal of the present studywas to evaluate the influence of caffeine (5mg/kg) on the activity of moclobemide (1.5 mg/kg), venlafaxine (1 mg/kg), bupropion (10 mg/kg), and milnacipran (1.25 mg/kg). Moreover, we assessed the influence of caffeine on their serum and brain levels using highperformance liquid chromatography. The experiment was carried out on naïve adult male Albino Swiss mice. Caffeine and tested drugs were administered intraperitoneally. The influence of caffeine on the activity of selected antidepressant drugs was evaluated in forced swim test (FST). Locomotor activity was estimated to verify and exclude false positive/negative results. To assess the influence of caffeine on the levels of studied antidepressant drugs, their concentrations were determined in murine serum and brains using high-performance liquid chromatography. Caffeine potentiated activity of all antidepressants examined in FST and the observed effects were not due to the increase in locomotor activity in the animals. Only in the case of co-administration of caffeine and milnacipran an increased milnacipran concentration in serum was observed without affecting its concentration in the brain. Caffeine potentiates the activity of antidepressant drugs from different chemical groups. The interactions of caffeine with venlafaxine, bupropion and moclobemide occur in pharmacodynamic phase, whereas the interaction of caffeine–milnacipran occurs, at least partially, in pharmacokinetic phase.

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