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Oncoimmunology

CD20(+) T cells have a predominantly Tc1 effector memory phenotype and are expanded in the ascites of patients with ovarian cancer.


PMID 26137418

Abstract

Recently, a small subset of T cells that expresses the B cell marker CD20 has been identified in healthy volunteers and in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. The origin of these CD20-positive T cells as well as their relevance in human disease remains unclear. Here, we identified that after functional B cell/T cell interaction CD20 molecules are transferred to the cell surface of T cells by trogocytosis together with the established trogocytosis marker HLA-DR. Further, the presence of CD20 on isolated CD20(+) T cells remained stable for up to 48h of ex vivo culture. These CD20(+) T cells almost exclusively produced IFNγ (∼70% vs. ∼20% in the CD20(-) T cell population) and were predominantly (CD8(+)) effector memory T cells (∼60-70%). This IFNγ producing and effector memory phenotype was also determined for CD20(+) T cells as detected in the peripheral blood and ascitic fluids of ovarian cancer (OC) patients. In the latter, the percentage of CD20(+) T cells was further strongly increased (from ∼6% in peripheral blood to 23% in ascitic fluid). Taken together, the data presented here indicate that CD20 is transferred to T cells upon intimate T cell/B cell interaction. Further, CD20(+) T cells are of memory and IFNγ producing phenotype and are present in increased amounts in ascitic fluid of OC patients.