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Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD

FABP4 plasma concentrations are determined by acquired metabolic derangements rather than genetic determinants.


PMID 26141940

Abstract

Circulating FABP4 is strongly associated with metabolic and cardiovascular risk (CVR) and has been proposed as a new risk biomarker. Several FABP4 gene polymorphisms have been associated with protein expression inxa0vitro and metabolic and vascular alterations inxa0vivo. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of FABP4 polymorphisms on FABP4 plasma levels and subclinical arteriosclerosis in patients with obesity, metabolic syndrome (MS) or type 2 diabetes (T2DM). We studied 440 individuals with obesity, MS, T2DM or other cardiovascular risk conditions who attended the vascular medicine and metabolism unit of our hospital. Anamnesis, physical examination and anthropometry data were recorded. Standard biochemical parameters were determined. Plasma FABP4 concentrations were measured. Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) was assessed using ultrasonography. The following FABP4 gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were analyzed: rs3834363, rs16909233, rs1054135, rs77878271, rs10808846 and rs8192688. None of the studied gene allele variants were hyper-represented in patients grouped according the presence of metabolic alterations nor were they associated with the FABP4 concentration. The FABP4 gene variants did not determine cIMT differences between the groups. In a multivariate analysis, gender and BMI, but not gene variants, significantly determined plasma FABP4 concentrations. In clinical settings, the circulating FABP4 levels are determined by the acquired metabolic derangements and not genetic variation.