Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association

Endovascular Treatment of Dissecting Aneurysms of the Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery and Predictors of Outcome.

PMID 26150084


Isolated dissecting aneurysms of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) are rare lesions, which carry high risk of rebleeding and mortality. However, the existing literature concerning predictors of outcome after endovascular treatment is limited and controversial. Our present study retrospectively reviewed and analyzed the clinical outcome of endovascular treatment-ruptured PICA-dissecting aneurysms and explored the predictors of outcome. We retrospectively reviewed 17 consecutive patients with ruptured PICA dissecting aneurysms that underwent endovascular treatment from January 2003 to January 2014. Nine patients underwent selective coiling, whereas 7 patients underwent parent artery occlusion and 1 patient underwent stent-assisted coiling. Follow-up outcomes were evaluated using the modified Rankin Scale. The clinical outcomes of patients were categorized as favorable (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score 0-1) or unfavorable (mRS score 2-6). Favorable outcomes (mRS score 0-1) were obtained in 13 of 17 patients. Post-treatment recurrence occurred in 1 patient with selective coiling in the 15-month follow-up, and the patient received stent-assisted coiling. The only patients with stent-assisted coiling developed PICA occlusion during follow-up. Aneurysm located in distal segment usually presented with intraventricular hemorrhage (P = .015). Hypertension, coexisting hydrocephalus, and time to operation (latter than 2 weeks) were associated with unfavorable outcome. Endovascular treatment of isolated dissecting aneurysm of PICA had excellent clinical outcomes, hypertension, coexisting hydrocephalus, and time to operation (latter than 2 weeks), which were associated with unfavorable outcome. Long-term follow-ups are necessary to provide stronger conclusions.