Burkholderia pseudomallei survival in lung epithelial cells benefits from miRNA-mediated suppression of ATG10.

PMID 26151773


Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis, a disease with high mortality, which is prevalent in tropical regions of the world. A recent study shows that B. pseudomallei can survive inside mammalian cells because of its ability to actively evade cell autophagy. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, based on microarray screening, we found that ATG10 was downregulated following B. pseudomallei infection in A549 human lung epithelial cells. Forced expression of ATG10 accelerated the elimination of intracellular B. pseudomallei by enhancing the process of autophagy. Moreover, MIR4458, MIR4667-5p, and MIR4668-5p were found, by microarray screening, to be upregulated in response to B. pseudomallei infection. These 3 novel miRNAs, MIR4458, MIR4667-5p, and MIR4668-5p, targeted to the 3'-untranslated region of ATG10 in different time-course and spatial manners. Upregulation of these miRNAs reduced the level of ATG10 and inhibited autophagy, leading to increasing survival rate of intracellular B. pseudomallei. Furthermore, the increase of these miRNAs was correlated with the reduced promoter methylation status in A549 cells in response to B. pseudomallei infection. Our results reveal that 3 novel miRNAs regulate autophagy-mediated elimination of B. pseudomallei by targeting ATG10, and provide potential targets for clinical treatment.