Journal of pharmacy & pharmaceutical sciences : a publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Societe canadienne des sciences pharmaceutiques

Efficient Peroral Delivery of Insulin via Vitamin B12 Modified Trimethyl Chitosan Nanoparticles.

PMID 26158281


We investigated the effect of vitamin B12 (VB12) modification on the insulin absorption from trimethyl chitosan(TMC) nanoparticles (NPs) under the influence of mucus. TMC and TMC-VB12 were synthesized and insulin loaded TMC/TMC-VB12 nanoparticles were prepared and characterized. Modified and unmodified nanoparticles were studied with Caco-2/HT29-MTX cell model and ligated rat ileum loop. Compared with unmodified NPs, VB12 modified NPs showed significantly higher drug internalization in Caco-2/HT29-MTX cell model. The internalization mechanism via VB12 mediation included caveolae and clathrin-mediated endocytosis pathway. Meanwhile, an increased transportation of drugs was observed for VB12 modified NPs, possibly due to the ligand-receptor interaction via an intrinsic factor-dependent fashion. Although the uptake and transport of VB12 modified NPs could be partially influenced by mucus, they still showed higher drug permeation through Caco-2/HT29-MTX co-cultured cells than unmodified NPs in the presence or absence of mucus. Moreover, in situ study in ligated rat ileum loop demonstrated that VB12 modified nanoparticles could reduce the residual insulin in intestinal lumen (0.59 times) and increase their absorption in epithelial tissue (4.8 times) compared with the unmodified ones. VB12 modified trimethyl chitosan nanoparticle is a promising carrier for peroral delivery of insulin.