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Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry

Effect of the sp(2)/sp(3) Ratio in a Hybrid Nanocarbon Thin Film Electrode for Anodic Stripping Voltammetry Fabricated by Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering Equipment.


PMID 26165286

Abstract

The effect of the sp(2)/sp(3) ratio in an unbalanced magnetron sputtered nanocarbon film electrode was studied for determining Cd(2+) and Pb(2+) by anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV). The signal-to-noise ratio in the ASV measurement improved as the sp(3) concentration in the carbon film increased because the noise current decreased with the increasing sp(3) concentration. The detection limits with a carbon film containing 50% sp(3) were 0.25 and 1.0 μg L(-1) for Cd(2+) and Pb(2+) with high repeatability (Cd: 4.6% and Pb: 6.4%, n = 3). For a real sample measurement, a pretreatment system combining a photooxidation reactor and a cation exchange column was used to eliminate the interference from EDTA and Cu(2+), which forms a stable complex or alloy with Cd(2+) and Pb(2+). More than 99% of the interference was eliminated, and accurate signal currents for Cd(2+) and Pb(2+) were successfully obtained with the pretreatment system.

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