Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and oral radiology

Imaging characteristics of ameloblastomas and diagnostic value of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in a series of 26 patients.

PMID 26166034


To evaluate the imaging characteristics of ameloblastomas and to analyze the diagnostic value of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared with conventional dentoalveolar imaging. In this observational retrospective study, the panoramic radiographs (n = 25) and the CT (n = 26) and MRI (n = 5) images of histopathologically verified ameloblastomas in 26 patients were reviewed. Characteristic findings were multilocularity, marked expansion of the cortical plate, perforation at an earlier stage, and extensive root resorption. On contrast-enhanced CT or MRI, the majority (14 of 17) of the nonunicystic ameloblastomas contained a mixed cystic and solid pattern. Unicystic ameloblastomas (n = 6) and ameloblastomas derived from the cyst epithelium (n = 2) showed thick rim enhancement or a mural solid component in an otherwise cystic lesion. Contrast-enhanced CT and MRI greatly aid in distinguishing between ameloblastomas and other cystlike lesions because they allow for visualization of the mixed cystic and solid content characteristic of nonunicystic ameloblastomas. The differential diagnostic value of CT and MRI is significant with regard to unicystic ameloblastomas.