Anticancer research

Marked Reduction in FoxO1 Protein by its Enhanced Proteasomal Degradation in Zfat-deficient Peripheral T-Cells.

PMID 26168481


Zfat is a nuclear protein that harbours putative DNA-binding domains. T-cell specific deletion of Zfat in Zfat(f/f)-CD4Cre mice yields a significant decrease in the number of peripheral T-cells with a lower surface expression of interleukin-7 receptor-α (IL-7Rα). However, the molecular mechanism by which Zfat controls IL-7Rα expression remains unknown. Expression levels of the molecules involved in IL-7Rα expression were determined by immunoblotting. Zfat-deficient peripheral T-cells showed a marked reduction in the FoxO1 protein that regulates IL-7Rα expression; however, the FoxO1 mRNA expression level was not affected by Zfat-deficiency. Furthermore, treatment of Zfat-deficient T-cells with a proteasome inhibitor, epoxomicin, restored FoxO1 expression levels, indicating that the loss of Zfat enhanced the proteasomal degradation of the FoxO1 protein. These results suggest that Zfat is required for peripheral T-cell homeostasis through IL-7Rα expression by controlling the FoxO1 protein.