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Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract

Clinical Significance of HER2 Overexpression in Gastric and Gastroesophageal Junction Cancers.


PMID 26179664

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the rate of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression in gastric (GC) and gastroesophageal junction cancers (GEJCs) and the relationship with HER2 expression and clinical, pathological parameters and prognosis. Surgery or biopsy specimen of 598 (436 males, 162 females) patients with GC or GEJC was evaluated for the presence of HER2 overexpression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) methods. HER2 IHC scores were as follows: 418 (69.9%) IHC 0, 58 (9.7%) IHC 1+, 50 (8.4%) IHC 2+, 72 (12%) IHC 3+. Among 50 patients with IHC 2+, 18 (38.2%) were FISH positive, and 29 (61.7%) were FISH negative for HER2 amplification. Patients were regarded as HER2 positive in case of IHC 3+ disease or IHC 2+ disease with a positive FISH test result for HER2 amplification. In the primary analysis population, 90 (15%) were considered HER2 positive. HER2 positivity was higher in intestinal GC compared to diffuse GC (16.9 vs 6.6%, p = 0.014). HER2 positivity was significantly higher in well and moderately differentiated tumors than poorly differentiated tumors (p < 0.0001). HER2 positivity had no significant effect on median OS (23.2 vs 19.1 months, p = 0.44). But in the early stages (stages I and II), median OS of HER2-positive patients was shorter than HER2-negative patients (51.4 months vs not reach, p = 0.047). However, median OS was similar in patients with advanced stages (stages III and IV) HER2-positive and HER2-negative disease (16.2 vs 13.7 months, p = 0.72). Rate of HER2 positivity is similar in Turkish patients with GC and GEJCs. HER2 positivity is associated with poor prognosis in patients with early-stage disease.