Bone Graft Substitute Provides Metaphyseal Fixation for a Stemless Humeral Implant.

PMID 26186322


Stemless humeral fixation has become an alternative to traditional total shoulder arthroplasty, but metaphyseal fixation may be compromised by the quality of the trabecular bone that diminishes with age and disease, and augmentation of the fixation may be desirable. The authors hypothesized that a bone graft substitute (BGS) could achieve initial fixation comparable to polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone cement. Fifteen fresh-frozen human male humerii were randomly implanted using a stemless humeral prosthesis, and metaphyseal fixation was augmented with either high-viscosity PMMA bone cement (PMMA group) or a magnesium-based injectable BGS (OsteoCrete; Bone Solutions Inc, Dallas, Texas) (OC group). Both groups were compared with a control group with no augmentation. Initial stiffness, failure load, failure displacement, failure cycle, and total work were compared among groups. The PMMA and OC groups showed markedly higher failure loads, failure displacements, and failure cycles than the control group (P<.01). There were no statistically significant differences in initial stiffness, failure load, failure displacement, failure cycle, or total work between the PMMA and OC groups. The biomechanical properties of magnesium-based BGS fixation compared favorably with PMMA bone cement in the fixation of stemless humeral prostheses and may provide sufficient initial fixation for this clinical application. Future work will investigate the long-term remodeling characteristics and bone quality at the prosthetic-bone interface in an in vivo model to evaluate the clinical efficacy of this approach.

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Calcium sulfate, ≥99.99% trace metals basis