Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

Efficient one-pot synthesis of CXCL14 and its derivative using an N-sulfanylethylanilide peptide as a peptide thioester equivalent and their biological evaluation.

PMID 26187016


CXCL14 is a CXC-type chemokine that exhibits chemotactic activity for immature dendritic cells, activated macrophages, and activated natural killer cells. However, its specific receptor and signaling pathway remain obscure. Recently, it was reported that CXCL14 binds to CXCR4 with high affinity and inhibits CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis. Furthermore, the CXCL14 C-terminal α-helical region is important for binding to its receptor. In this context, we chemically synthesized CXCL14 and its derivative with a one-pot method using N-sulfanylethylanilide peptide as a thioester equivalent. The synthetic CXCL14 proteins possessed inhibitory activities to CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis comparable with that of recombinant CXCL14. Moreover, we proved that chemically biotinylated CXCL14 binds to CXCR4 on cells by flow cytometry analysis.