International journal of clinical and experimental pathology

Clinicopathologic and prognostic significance of p21 (Cip1/Waf1) expression in bladder cancer.

PMID 26191193


Recent studies have shown that altered expression p21 is shown to associate with tumorigenesis and tumor progression. To investigate the clinicopathological significance and prognostic value of p21 in bladder cancer (BCa). A total of 48 patients with BCa were included in this study. The correlation between p21 expression and clinicopathologic features and survival was studied. Also, a meta-analysis was performed to investigate the relationship between the p21 and BCa survival. Low p21 expression was detected both in tumor tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. The expression of p21 was closely associated with advanced pathologic TNM stage (P=0.001) and tumor grade (P=0.013). Moreover, patients with low p21 expression had shorter recurrence-free survival (P=0.016) and overall survival rates (P=0.039). Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that p21 low expression was an independent prognostic factor for recurrence free survival (P=0.03). Additionally, our meta-analysis. The available outcome data from six articles were examined. A meta-analysis of the HR indicated a significantly poor overall survival (OS, HR: 1.75, 95% CI: 1.38-2.21), recurrence free survival (RFS, HR: 1.83, 95% CI: 1.57-2.15), progression free survival (PFS, HR: 2.02, 95% CI: 1.48-2.75), and cancer specific survival (CSS, HR: 1.89, 95% CI: 1.53-2.33) in patients with low expression levels of p21. Our present results indicated that low p21 expression predicated tumor recurrence and poor prognosis in bladder cancer.