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Future oncology (London, England)

Identifying cancer patients at risk for cardiotoxicity.


PMID 26198838

Abstract

Improvements in therapies have significantly changed survival of cancer patients. However, the clinical history and oncologic treatment put cancer patients at higher risk for developing cardiovascular problems. Anthracyclines, but also the targeted therapy and angiogenesis inhibitors, are all treatments associated with cardiotoxicity. The most common adverse event is a reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction that may progress to overt heart failure. Recognition of a cardiac impairment during or after a potential cardiotoxic treatment requires a stringent assessment of clinical symptoms and signs of heart failure associated with an evaluation of the left ventricular ejection fraction, which, however, detects the damage already installed. Circulating cardiac biomarkers are promising in detecting cardiotoxicity and will likely change the approach for identifying patients at risk.