Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology

Thrombopoietin Protects Cardiomyocytes from Iron-Overload Induced Oxidative Stress and Mitochondrial Injury.

PMID 26202365


Thalassaemia accompanied with iron-overload is common in Hong Kong. Iron-overload induced cardiomyopathy is the commonest cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with β-thalassaemia. Chronic iron-overload due to blood transfusion can cause cardiac failure. Decreased antioxidant defence and increased ROS production may lead to oxidative stress and cell injury. Iron-overload may lead to heart tissue damage through lipid peroxidation in response to oxidative stress, and a great diversity of toxic aldehydes are formed when lipid hydroperoxides break down in heart and plasma. Iron entry into embryonic heart H9C2 cells was determined by calcein assay using a fluorometer. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in cells treated with FeCl3 or thrombopoietin (TPO) was monitored by using the fluorescent probe H2DCFDA. Changes in mitochondrial membrane potential of H9C2 cells were quantified by using flow cytometry. We demonstrated that iron induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in cardiomyocytes, and that iron increased ROS production and reduced cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Iron treatment increased the proportion of cells with JC-1 monomers, indicating a trend of drop in the mitochondrial membrane potential. TPO exerted a cardio-protective effect on iron-induced apoptosis. These findings suggest that iron-overload leads to the generation of ROS and further induces apoptosis in cardiomyocytes via mitochondrial pathways. TPO might exert a protective effect on iron-overload induced apoptosis via inhibiting oxidative stress and suppressing the mitochondrial pathways in cardiomyocytes.