Impact of a cholesterol membrane transporter's inhibition on vitamin D absorption: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study.

PMID 26208795


Oral supplements are important to prevent and treat vitamin D deficiency. Despite the growing number of prescriptions, vitamin D's absorptive mechanisms are not clearly elucidated. By evaluating the effect of ezetimibe on vitamin D absorption, we aim to determine if the cholesterol transporter Niemann-Pick C1-Like 1 transporter contributes to it. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.govNCT02234544) was developed in a South Brazilian University Hospital. Fifty-one medical students were randomized to ezetimibe 10mg/day or placebo for 5 days. On the fifth and 19th days, blood samples for 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25OHD), parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, and albumin were collected. After the first blood sample collection, all participants received a single oral 50,000 IU cholecalciferol dose during a 15 g-fat meal. Serum 25OHD levels were measured by the immunoassay Diasorin Liaison®. Measurements were compared in a general linear model adjusted for multiple comparisons by the Bonferroni test. Before cholecalciferol administration, 25OHD was <30 ng/mL and <20 ng/mL, respectively, in all and in 82.3% of the participants. Fourteen days after a single 50,000 IU oral dose of cholecalciferol, mean (SD) changes in serum 25OHD were similar in both groups, after adjustment to BMI and 25OHD levels before cholecalciferol administration (p=0.26): 8.7 (3.7) ng/mL in the ezetimibe group, versus 10.0 (3.8) ng/mL in the placebo group. Mean serum 25OHD, PTH, calcium and albumin levels remained similar in both groups. We conclude that ezetimibe had no effect on the mean change in serum 25OHD after a single oral dose of cholecalciferol, in these healthy and young adults.