Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)

Anxiety, depression, resilience and quality of life in children and adolescents with pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease.

PMID 26210984


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for psychosocial impairment and psychiatric symptoms. Children and adolescents on dialysis frequently have compromised daily life activities and a worse quality of life (QoL) compared with healthy peers. However, few studies have investigated these aspects of CKD in pediatric pre-dialysis CKD patients. Therefore, we have analyzed resilience, QoL and anxiety and depressive symptoms in children and adolescents with pre-dialysis CKD and compared these to the values of healthy controls. Demographic and clinical data were collected from 28 children and adolescents with pre-dialysis CKD and 28 healthy sex- and age-matched controls. Psychological assessment of the participants was performed using the Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale, Pediatric Quality of Life (QoL) Inventory 4.0 , Child Depression Inventory and Self-report for Childhood Anxiety Related Disorders scales. Of the 56 children enrolled in our study, the CKD patients were referred to mental health professionals more frequently than the controls. Patients exhibited higher scores for separation anxiety and a higher frequency of clinically significant depressive symptoms. They also had lower overall QoL scores, as well as poorer scores for the psychological, educational and psychosocial subdomains of QoL instruments. There was a negative correlation between anxiety and depressive symptoms and all domains of QoL. Resilience was similar in both groups, but lower in patients with significant depressive symptoms. No significant association was found between clinical or laboratory findings and psychological variables in CKD patients. Although patients and controls exhibited similar scores of resilience, CKD negatively impacted the QoL of pediatric patients, contributing to a higher frequency of depression and separation anxiety.