Acta biochimica et biophysica Sinica

Specific miRNA and its target in neutrophils after traumatic injury.

PMID 26232986


Traumatic injury is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate the cellular responses when traumatic injury occurs. Previously, we reported that miR-3945, miR-125a-5p, miR-363-3p, and miR-150-5p were significantly altered in neutrophils of patients who suffered traumatic injury. In the present study, by comparing neutrophils of patients suffering from major trauma with neutrophils of patients with a inflammatory disease, we found that the variation trend of miR-150-5p was relatively different in the process of these two diseases. Gene Ontology and pathway analysis of miR-150-5p revealed that it may activate the mitogen-activated protein kinase and Toll-like receptor signaling pathways and cell adhesion molecules when the traumatic injury occurs. In addition, protein kinase C alpha (PRKCA) was also identified as a direct target of miR-150-5p by establishing a miRNA-mRNA network, and this target was validated via dual-luciferase reporter and western blot analysis. Our results suggested that the expression of miR-150-5p was down-regulated in neutrophils after a major traumatic injury. miR-150-5p and its identified target PRKCA play important roles in the development of traumatic process.