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Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP

Selective synthesis of TiO2 single nanocrystals and titanate nanotubes: a controllable atomic arrangement approach via NH4TiOF3 mesocrystals.


PMID 26235610

Abstract

Nanostructured titania and titanate have been considered as very important materials used in photocatalysis, photovoltaics, gas sensing and other electronic industries. In principle, their common structural feature is that the precursor phase involving TiO6 octahedra or similar building units may be converted to any of the nanostructured titania and titanate forms in a controllable way. Based on the atomic arrangement of ionic liquid-mediated NH4TiOF3 mesocrystals, TiO2 nanocrystals and titanate nanotubes were selectively obtained in H3BO3 and NaOH media, respectively, by using a simple hydrothermal method. Interestingly, the titanate nanotubes were successfully formed by extraction of NH4(+) and F from NH4TiOF3 in a milder alkaline environment as low as 1 M NaOH, rather than conventional treatment of TiO2 in 10 M NaOH. The as-prepared TiO2 nanocrystals with exposed {001} facets exhibit a high photocatalytic activity and sedimentation rate as compared to commercial TiO2. Upon further doping or ion-exchange, the newly prepared TiO2 nanocrystals will show potential applications in the environment.