Nanomedicine : nanotechnology, biology, and medicine

Combined effects of PLGA and vascular endothelial growth factor promote the healing of non-diabetic and diabetic wounds.

PMID 26238081


Growth factor therapies to induce angiogenesis and thereby enhance the blood perfusion, hold tremendous potential to address the shortcomings of current impaired wound care modalities. Vascular endothelial growth factor stimulates (VEGF) wound healing via multiple mechanisms. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) supplies lactate that accelerates neovascularization and promotes wound healing. Hence, we hypothesized that the administration of VEGF encapsulated in PLGA nanoparticles (PLGA-VEGF NP) would promote fast healing due to the sustained and combined effects of VEGF and lactate. In a splinted mouse full thickness excision model, compared with untreated, VEGF and PLGA NP, PLGA-VEGF NP treated wounds showed significant granulation tissue formation with higher collagen content, re-epithelialization and angiogenesis. The cellular and molecular studies revealed that PLGA-VEGF NP enhanced the proliferation and migration of keratinocytes and upregulated the expression of VEGFR2 at mRNA level. We demonstrated the combined effects of lactate and VEGF for active healing of non-diabetic and diabetic wounds. The study of wound healing has been under a tremendous amount of research over recent years. In diabetic wounds, vasculopathy leading to localized ischemia would often result in delayed 
wound healing. In this article, the authors encapsulated vascular endothelial growth factor stimulates (VEGF) in PLGA nanoparticles and studies the potential pro-healing effects. It was found that the combination of these two components provided synergistic actions for healing. The encouraging results should provide a basis for combination therapy in the future.