European journal of clinical pharmacology

Oral and inhaled p38 MAPK inhibitors: effects on inhaled LPS challenge in healthy subjects.

PMID 26265232


Inhaled LPS causes neutrophilic airway inflammation in healthy subjects. We compared the effects of p38 MAPK inhibitors and fluticasone propionate on the LPS response. Three randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single dose crossover studies were performed. Active treatments were the oral p38 MAPK inhibitor PH-797804 30 mg (study 1), PH-797804 30 mg and the inhaled p38 MAPK inhibitor PF-03715455 20 mg (study 2) and inhaled fluticasone propionate 500 μg (study 3). The primary endpoint was sputum neutrophil percentage. Sputum neutrophil percentage post-LPS challenge was significantly inhibited (15.1 and 15.3% reduction) by PH-797804 compared to placebo in studies 1 and 2 (p = 0.0096 and 0.0001, respectively), and by PF-03715455 (8.0% reduction, p = 0.031); fluticasone propionate had no effect. PH-797804 significantly inhibited the increase in inflammatory mediators (IL-6, MCP-1, MIP1β and CC16) in sputum supernatant, while PF-03715455 had no effect. PH-797804 and PF-03715455 both inhibited IL-6, MCP-1, MIP1β, CC16 and CRP levels in plasma, with PH-797804 having greater effects. Fluticasone propionate had no effect on sputum supernatant or plasma biomarkers. PH-797804 had the greatest impact on neutrophilic airway inflammation. Oral administration of p38 MAPK inhibitors may optimise pulmonary anti-inflammatory effects.