Molecular and cellular biochemistry

Identification and characterization of a bovine sperm acrosomal matrix protein and its mechanism of interaction with acrosomal hydrolases.

PMID 26268136


Fertilization, the union of male and female gametes to create offspring, is an intricate biological process dependent upon several biochemical and physiological events. Our understanding of the functions of protein constituents of the outer acrosomal membrane-associated matrix complex (OMC) is limited. A highly purified OMC fraction isolated from bovine cauda sperm heads comprised 54, 50, 45, and 38-19 kDa polypeptides. The objective of this study is to identify and characterize the 45 kDa (OMC45) polypeptide, to define its role in binding acrosomal hydrolases, and to examine the fate of OMC45 polypeptide during the acrosome reaction. We isolated OMC45 polypeptide from the high-pH insoluble fraction of OMC. Proteomic analysis of OMC45 by MALDI-TOF-TOF yielded eight peptides that matched the NCBI database sequence of Tektin 3 (TEKT3). Triton X-100-permeabilized cauda sperm exhibited intense staining of the acrosomal segment with anti-OMC45 and anti-TEKT3. The OMC45 polypeptide was solubilized by radio-immunoprecipitation assay buffer extraction. The solubilized fraction was subjected to immunoprecipitation analysis. The OMC45 polypeptide was recovered in the anti-OMC45 immunoprecipitation pellet. An identical blot stained with anti-TEKT3 exhibited the presence of TEKT3 polypeptide in the anti-OMC45 pellet. Our immunofluorescence and biochemical studies confirm the proteomics identification of OMC45 polypeptide and that it exhibits a sequence similarity to TEKT3. OMC45 glycoprotein possesses both N-linked and O-linked oligosaccharides. Deglycosylated OMC45 revealed a significant reduction in both acrosin and N-acetylglucosaminidase (NAGA) binding in comparison with acrosin and NAGA binding to a native OMC45 polypeptide, demonstrating the important role of oligosaccharides in hydrolase binding. OMC45 polypeptide is not released during the acrosome reaction but remains in the particulate cell subfraction, associated with the hybrid membrane complex.