Translational oncology

Dasatinib Modulates Invasive and Migratory Properties of Canine Osteosarcoma and has Therapeutic Potential in Affected Dogs.

PMID 26310368


This investigation sought to elucidate the relationship between hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced metastatic behavior and the tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) crizotinib and dasatinib in canine osteosarcoma (OS). Preliminary evidence of an apparent clinical benefit from adjuvant therapy with dasatinib in four dogs is described. The inhibitors were assessed for their ability to block phosphorylation of MET; reduce HGF-induced production of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP); and prevent invasion, migration, and cell viability in canine OS cell lines. Oral dasatinib (0.75 mg/kg) was tested as an adjuvant therapy in four dogs with OS. Constitutive phosphorylation of MET was detected in two cell lines, and this was unaffected by 20-nM incubation with either dasatinib or crizotinib. Incubation of cell lines with HGF (MET ligand) increased cell migration and invasion in both cell lines and increased MMP-9 activity in one. Dasatinib suppressed OS cell viability and HGF-induced invasion and migration, whereas crizotinib reduced migration and MMP-9 production but did not inhibit invasion or viability. Invasion, migration, and viability of canine OS cell lines are increased by exogenous HGF. HGF induces secretion of different forms of MMP in different cell lines. The HGF-driven increase in viability and metastatic behaviors we observed are more uniformly inhibited by dasatinib. These observations suggest a potential clinical benefit of adjuvant dasatinib treatment for dogs with OS.