PloS one

Association of MTOR and AKT Gene Polymorphisms with Susceptibility and Survival of Gastric Cancer.

PMID 26317520


The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (PKB, AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway plays a critical role in angiogenesis and cell growth, proliferation, metabolism, migration, differentiation, and apoptosis. Genetic diversity in key factors of this pathway may influence protein function and signal transduction, contributing to disease initiation and progression. Studies suggest that MTOR rs1064261 and AKT rs1130233 polymorphisms are associated with risk and/or prognosis of multiple cancer types. However, this relationship with gastric cancer (GC) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of MTOR and AKT polymorphisms in the risk and prognosis of GC. The Sequenom MassARRAY platform was used to genotype 1842 individuals for MTOR rs1064261 T→C and AKT rs1130233 G→A polymorphisms. ELISA was used to detect Helicobacter pylori antibodies in serum. Immunohistochemical analysis was used to detect total and phosphorylated MTOR and AKT proteins. The MTOR rs1064261 (TC+CC) genotype and the AKT rs1130233 (GA+AA) genotype were associated with increased risk of GC in men (P = 0.049, P = 0.030). In H. pylori-negative individuals, the AKT rs1130233 GA and (GA+AA) genotypes were related to increased risk of atrophic gastritis (AG; P = 0.012, P = 0.024). Notably, the AKT rs1130233 (GA+AA) genotype demonstrated significant interactions with H. pylori in disease progression from healthy controls (CON) to AG (P = 0.013) and from AG to GC (P = 0.049). Additionally, for individuals with the AKT rs1130233 variant, those in the H. pylori-positive group had higher levels of phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT) expression. The AKT rs1130233 genotype was found to be associated with clinicopathological parameters including lymph node metastasis and alcohol drinking (P<0.05). MTOR rs1064261and AKT rs1130233 polymorphisms were associated with increased GC risk in males and increased AG risk in H. pylori-negative individuals. A significant interaction existed between the AKT rs1130233 genotype and H. pylori infection in CON→AG→GC disease progression. The AKT rs1130233 genotype influenced p-AKT protein expression in H. pylori-infected individuals.