Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)

A Comparison of Quantitative T2 Mapping on Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Metaiodobenzylguanidine Scintigraphy and Left Ventricular Functional Recovery in Dilated Cardiomyopathy: A Retrospective Pilot Study.

PMID 26328635


Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy is used to assess heart failure (HF) severity and to predict cardiac functional recovery. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging has recently been used to diagnosis HF. We evaluated CMR T2 mapping and MIBG scintigraphy in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients. Consecutively, 22 DCM patients [aged 56.8 ± 13.4 years; 6 women and 16 men; left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), 31.9 ± 10.7%] who underwent T2 mapping and MIBG scintigraphy were retrospectively evaluated. Echocardiography results were recorded at baseline and the 6-month follow-up. Patients with an increased LVEF ≥15% between the 2 measures were considered to be responders. We measured each patient's T2 values and MIBG indices [the heart-to-mediastinum ratio (H/M) in the early phase, H/M in the delayed phase, and the washout rate (WOR)] at baseline. We compared these values between the 12 responders and 10 non-responders. The mean T2 value for all patients was 64.5 ± 6.6 ms. The mean values of early H/M, delayed H/M, and WOR were 2.06 ± 0.25, 1.94 ± 0.35, and 43.5 ± 11.8%, respectively. The T2 values were found to correlate with MIBG indices (p<0.05 for all) and were lower in the responders than non-responders (61.4 vs. 68.1 ms, p=0.013). MIBG indices were not significantly different. Our study shows that the T2 values correlated with the MIBG indices and were increased in non-responders. T2 mapping may be useful in assessing the cardiac function and functional recovery in DCM patients.

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m-Iodobenzylguanidine hemisulfate salt, ≥98% (HPLC and TLC)
C8H10IN3 · 0.5H2O4S