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Scientific reports

Myeloid-related protein 8 induces self-tolerance and cross-tolerance to bacterial infection via TLR4- and TLR2-mediated signal pathways.


PMID 26329314

Abstract

Myeloid-related protein 8 (Mrp8) is the active component of Mrp8/14 protein complex released by phagocytes at the site of infection and stimulates inflammatory responses. However, it is unclear whether Mrp8 could induce self-tolerance and cross-tolerance to bacterial infection. Here we report that Mrp8 triggered TNF-α and IL-6 release via a Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-dependent manner. Pre-stimulation of murine macrophages and human monocytes with Mrp8 induced self-tolerance to Mrp8 re-stimulation and cross-tolerance to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), bacterial lipoprotein (BLP), gram-negative and gram-positive bacterial challenges, with substantially attenuated TNF-α and IL-6 release. Moreover, Mrp8 tolerisation significantly reduced serum TNF-α and IL-6, increased polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) recruitment and accelerated bacterial clearance, thus protecting mice against LPS-induced lethality and cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced polymicrobial sepsis. In addition to TLR4, TLR2 also contributed to Mrp8-induced inflammatory response and tolerance. Down-regulation of phosphorylated p38 by Mrp8 pre-stimulation was predominantly responsible for the intracellular mechanism of Mrp8-induced tolerance. Thus, our findings of Mrp8-induced self-tolerance and cross-tolerance may provide a potential strategy for attenuating an overwhelming proinflammatory cascade and enhancing antimicrobial responses during microbial sepsis.