Pharmaceutical research

Oxaprozin-Loaded Lipid Nanoparticles towards Overcoming NSAIDs Side-Effects.

PMID 26350105


Nanostructured Lipid Carriers (NLCs) loading oxaprozin were developed to address an effective drug packaging and targeted delivery, improving the drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics properties and avoiding the local gastric side-effects. Macrophages actively phagocyte particles with sizes larger than 200 nm and, when activated, over-express folate beta receptors - features that in the case of this work constitute the basis for passive and active targeting strategies. Two formulations containing oxaprozin were developed: NLCs with and without folate functionalization. In order to target the macrophages folate receptors, a DSPE-PEG2000-FA conjugate was synthesized and added to the NLCs. These formulations presented a relatively low polydispersity index (approximately 0.2) with mean diameters greater than 200 nm and zeta potential inferior to -40 mV. The encapsulation efficiency of the particles was superior to 95% and the loading capacity was of 9%, approximately. The formulations retained the oxaprozin release in simulated gastric fluid (only around 10%) promoting its release on simulated intestinal fluid. MTT and LDH assays revealed that the formulations only presented cytotoxicity in Caco-2 cells for oxaprozin concentrations superior to 100 μM. Permeability studies in Caco-2 cells shown that oxaprozin encapsulation did not interfered with oxaprozin permeability (around 0.8 × 10(-5) cm/s in simulated intestinal fluid and about 1.45 × 10(-5) cm/s in PBS). Moreover, in RAW 264.7 cells NLCs functionalization promoted an increased uptake over time mainly mediated by a caveolae uptake mechanism. The developed nanoparticles enclose a great potential for oxaprozin oral administration with significant less gastric side-effects.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

Coumarin 6, 98%