Endocrine journal

Expression of anti-Müllerian hormone and its type II receptor in germ cells of maturing rat testis.

PMID 26354717


This work aimed to clarify the expression and roles of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and its type 2 receptor (AMHR2) in seminiferous tubules of maturing rat testes. By quantitative RT-PCR, we determined the relative expressions of Amh, Amhr2, Scp1, Rsbn1, Ngfr, and Rhox5 in rat testes aged 5-49 days (d), and in germ cells and Sertoli cells isolated from 21d testes. Smad 1,5 and 8 expressions were also determined in 21d testes and isolated germ cells. Moreover, we performed in situ hybridization (ISH) of Amh and Amhr2 in 21d testes, and immunohistochemical staining (IHCS) in 10, 15 and 21d testes using antibodies of AMH and AMHR2. In 21d testes, expression of the spermatocyte specific gene, Scp1, increased but that of the round spermatid specific gene, Rsbn1, was faint. By ISH and IHCS, expressions of AMH and AMHR2 were strongly observed in spermatocytes of 21d testes, but not in spermatogonia. In 21d testes, expressions of immature Sertoli cell specific gene, Ngfr, and mature Sertoli cell specific gene, Rhox5, were observed. IHCS confirmed the presence of AMH and AMHR2 in Sertoli cells. Smad 1, 5 and 8 were highly expressed in 21d testes and isolated germ cells. These results indicate that not only immature Sertoli cells but also spermatocytes express AMH and AMHR2 in maturing testes. In this study, we first clarified that spermatocytes coexpressed AMH and AMHR2 in rats. We speculated that AMH produced by spermatocytes and Sertoli cells binds AMHR2 of spermatocytes and acts through SMADs.

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