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European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology

Prospective study evaluating the effect of mifepristone on E-cadherin expression in villi in early pregnancy.


PMID 26363825

Abstract

E-cadherin plays an important regulatory role in implantation, embryo development and placentation. This study aimed to determine the effect of mifepristone on E-cadherin expression in human villi in early pregnancy. Forty healthy women seeking elective pregnancy termination at 5-7 weeks of gestation were recruited. Of these, 22 women chose medical termination (mifepristone-treated group) and took 25mg mifepristone every 12h for 3 days and 600μg buccal misoprostol on the morning of the fourth day. The other 18 women underwent vacuum aspiration (control group). Following collection of villi, E-cadherin protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemical analysis, and E-cadherin mRNA expression was assessed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. E-cadherin protein expression was significantly higher (p<0.05) in villous cytotrophoblast cells in the mifepristone-treated group compared with the control group. E-cadherin mRNA expression was also significantly higher (p<0.01) in the mifepristone-treated group compared with the control group. E-cadherin expression in villi may be involved in mifepristone-induced pregnancy termination.