Journal of interferon & cytokine research : the official journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research

The miR-30a Negatively Regulates IL-17-Mediated Signal Transduction by Targeting Traf3ip2.

PMID 26376209


Interleukin-17 (IL-17) has been proved to be involved in the pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases, including lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and inflammatory bowel disease. The regulation of IL-17 signal transduction is less studied. miR-30a has been identified to be downregulated in these human autoimmune diseases and their related animal models. However, how it functions in IL-17-mediated inflammation and the pathogenesis of these diseases remain unknown. In this study, we showed that miR-30a inhibits IL-17-mediated NF-κB and MAPK activation, leading to the reduced production of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. miR-30a also reduced mRNA stability triggered by IL-17 stimulation. These suppressive effects of miR-30a were mediated by directly targeting Traf3ip2 mRNA (coding for Act1). Thus, we concluded that the downregulation of miR-30a in autoimmune diseases may exacerbate IL-17-mediated inflammation, which may serve as a potential target for the therapy of these diseases.