Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology

Lesional accumulation of CD8(+) cells in sciatic nerves of experimental autoimmune neuritis rats.

PMID 26410085


Experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) is a well-known animal model of human demyelinating polyneuropathies. Macrophages are the major immune cells in peripheral nerves and may exert tissue-damage or tissue-protective activity during EAN. While considered to define a subpopulation of T lymphocytes, CD8 expression has been found on certain macrophages that show cytotoxic effects. Here we have studied the spatiotemporal accumulation of CD8(+) cells in sciatic nerves of EAN rats. A robust accumulation of CD8(+) cells was observed in the sciatic nerves of EAN rats, which was positively correlated with the severity of neurological signs in EAN. Moreover, double-labelling experiments showed that the major cellular sources of CD8 were reactive macrophages. Therefore, our data here suggest a pathological role of CD8(+) macrophages in EAN, which makes CD8(+) macrophage a potential therapeutic target for EAN.