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Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology

The tumor-suppressive function of miR-1 by targeting LASP1 and TAGLN2 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.


PMID 26414725

Abstract

This study determined the expression of microRNA-1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissue and cell lines to evaluate its effects on clinicopathological parameters and its target genes LASP1 and TAGLN2. The expression of miR-1, lasp1, and tagln2 was detected in 55 ESCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The association between miR-1, lasp1, and tagln2 expression and clinicopathological characteristics was observed. MicroRNA-1 (mimics-miR-1) and its inhibitor (Inhibitor-miR-1) were transfected into esophageal cancer cells KYSE 510 and Eca 109; cell proliferation, migration, and invasion assays were carried out. Plasmid construction and dual-luciferase reporter assay were also carried out to indicate whether LASP1 and TAGLN2 were miR-1 target genes. The expression of LASP1 and TAGLN2 was detected with Western blot methods in cell lines, by immunohistochemistry in ESCC tissue. The gene expression level of microRNA-1 in cancer tissues was significantly lower than that in adjacent normal tissues (P < 0.01). The expression of miR-1 in ESCC was correlated with involvement of lymph nodes (P = 0.002), histologic classification (P = 0.000), and vessel invasion (P = 0.022). The expression of lasp1 and tagln2 increased in cancer tissues compared with in adjacent normal tissues (P < 0.05). MiR-1 suppresses the cell growth, migration, and invasion in vitro. The expression of LASP1 and TAGLN2 decreased in mimics-miR-1 transfected cells, and increased in inhibitor-miR-1 transfected cells. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed that LASP1 and TAGLN2 mRNA actually had the target sites of miR-1. miR-1 suppresses cell proliferation, invasiveness, metastasis, and progression of ESCC by binding its targeted genes LASP1 and TAGLN2.