Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD

Arterial stiffness is elevated in normotensive type 2 diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy.

PMID 26474725


Arterial stiffness, a measure of macrovascular damage predictive of poor cardio-vascular outcomes, is strongly related to age and hypertension (HT). In diabetic patients peripheral neuropathy (PN) has been found to be associated with increased arterial stiffness, which might be due to the concomitant presence of HT. The aim of this study was to examine in type-2 diabetic patients, the relationship between arterial stiffness and presence or absence of PN and HT separately. Arterial stiffness was measured with the gold standard carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) in 447 type-2 diabetic subjects of whom 66% were hypertensive, 53% had PN, and 40% had both. Patients with PN were older, more often hypertensive and had higher PWV than those free of PN. Patients were separated according to the presence or absence of PN and HT. PWV values above the 90th percentile age- and blood pressure-adjusted reference range (PWV+) were different across these groups (pxa0