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Neural regeneration research

The E3 ubiquitin ligase seven in absentia homolog 1 may be a potential new therapeutic target for Parkinson's disease.


PMID 26487857

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the effect of an antibody against E3 ubiquitin ligase seven in absentia homolog 1 (SIAH-1) in PC12 cells. 1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)) treatment increased α-synuclein, E1 and SIAH-1 protein levels in PC12 cells, and it reduced cell viability; however, there was no significant change in light chain 3 expression. Treatment with an SIAH-1 antibody decreased mRNA expression levels of α-synuclein, light chain 3 and SIAH-1, but increased E1 mRNA expression. It also increased cell viability. Combined treatment with MPP(+) and rapamycin reduced SIAH-1 and α-synuclein levels. Treatment with SIAH-1 antibody alone diminished α-synuclein immunoreactivity in PC12 cells, and reduced the colocalization of α-synuclein and light chain 3. These findings suggest that the SIAH-1 antibody reduces the monoubiquitination and aggregation of α-synuclein, promoting its degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Consequently, SIAH-1 may be a potential new therapeutic target for Parkinson's disease.