The Biochemical journal

Cloning, sequence analysis and over-expression of the gene for the class II fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase of Escherichia coli.

PMID 2649077


Nucleotide sequence analysis of the Escherichia coli chromosomal DNA inserted in the plasmid pLC33-5 of the Clarke and Carbon library [Clarke & Carbon (1976) Cell 9, 91-99] revealed the existence of the gene, fda, encoding the Class II (metal-dependent) fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase of E. coli. The primary structure of the polypeptide chain inferred from the DNA sequence of the fda gene comprises 359 amino acids, including the initiating methionine residue, from which an Mr of 39,146 could be calculated. This value is in good agreement with that of 40,000 estimated from sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified dimeric enzyme. The amino acid sequence of the Class II aldolase from E. coli showed no homology with the known amino acid sequences of Class I (imine-forming) fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolases from a wide variety of sources. On the other hand, there was obvious homology with the N-terminal sequence of 40 residues already established for the Class II fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. These Class II aldolases, one from a prokaryote and one from a eukaryote, evidently are structurally and evolutionarily related. A 1029 bp-fragment of DNA incorporating the fda gene was excised from plasmid pLC33-5 by digestion with restriction endonuclease HaeIII and subcloned into the expression plasmid pKK223-3, where the gene came under the control of the tac promoter. When grown in the presence of the inducer isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside, E. coli JM101 cells transformed with this recombinant expression plasmid generated the Class II fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase as approx. 70% of their soluble protein. This unusually high expression of an E. coli gene should greatly facilitate purification of the enzyme for any future structural or mechanistic studies.