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Biochimica et biophysica acta

Bindings of axial ligands to cytochrome P-450d mutants: a difference absorption spectral study.


PMID 2649155

Abstract

By site-directed mutagenesis, we made several cytochrome P-450d (P-450d) mutants as follows: Asn310Phe (D13), Ile312Leu (D14), Glu318Asp (D15), Val320Ile (D16), Phe325Thr (D19), Asn310Phe,Ile312Leu (M6), Glu318Asp,Val320Ile (M7), Phe325Thr, Glu318Asp (M3). This region (Asn-310-Phe-325) is supposed to be located in the distal helix above the heme plane in P-450d, being conjectured from the structure of P-450cam. We studied Soret spectral changes of those mutants by adding several axial ligands such as aniline, pyridine, metyrapone, 2-phenylimidazole and 4-phenylimidazole. Binding constants (Kb) of aniline and pyridine to the single and double mutants were higher than those to the wild type by 2-10-times. The double mutations did not additively increase the Kb values compared with those to the single mutants. In contrast, Kb value (1.0.10(5) M-1) of metyrapone to the double mutant M3 was much higher than that (2.0.10(3) M-1) of the wild type and those of the single mutants, D15 (4.5.10(4) M-1) and D19 (1.6.10(4) M-1). The increased affinity of metyrapone to the mutant M3 may be attributed to an interaction of the hydrophobic group of metyrapone with nearby hydrophobic group(s) produced cooperatively by the double mutation of P-450d. Kb values of 2-phenylimidazole and 4-phenylimidazole to the mutant M3 were also the highest among those of the mutants and the wild type. Therefore, it was suggested that this region (from Asn-310 to Phe-325) must be located at the distal region of the heme moiety and form, at least, a substrate-binding region of membrane-bound P-450d.

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