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Monoclonal antibodies in immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy

Preparation and Identification of a Monoclonal Antibody Against Cystatin C.


PMID 26492621

Abstract

Cystatin C (Cys C) has been shown to be an excellent marker of renal function, especially when evaluating the early stages of acute kidney injury. It is less affected by age, gender, muscle mass, and ethnicity. The detection of Cys C is important and has broad application prospects. Therefore, we have developed a panel of monoclonal antibodies against Cys C that can be used to establish an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit and paired for further use in other methods of detecting Cys C. This study describes the preparation, application, and characterization of monoclonal antibodies used in ELISA. The antibodies were developed by PEG fusion of the SP2/0 cells with splenic B cells from Cys C immunized BALB/c mice. Antibody-producing cells were identified by ELISA and Western blot analysis. By way of cloning and screening, four hybridoma cell lines were established. Simultaneously large-scale monoclonal antibodies produced in mice ascites were prepared. The results showed that the cell clone 8D12 could be used in immunohistochemical staining. With the ELISA additivity test, we got a preliminarily finding that the monoclonal antibodies were not on the same epitope. The antibody matching test showed that 5D7 and 7A8 successfully paired with 8D12, and the optimal reaction conditions were initially identified.