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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Antidiabetic and Antihyperlipidemic Properties of a Triterpenoid Compound, Dehydroeburicoic Acid, from Antrodia camphorata in Vitro and in Streptozotocin-Induced Mice.


PMID 26503742

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of dehydroeburicoic acid (TT) on type 1 diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. STZ-induced diabetic mice were randomly divided into six groups and given orally by gavage TT (at three dosages), metformin (Metf), fenfibrate (Feno), or vehicle for 4 weeks. STZ-induced diabetic mice showed elevations in blood glucose levels (P < 0.001). TT treatment markedly decreased blood glucose levels by 42.6-46.5%. Moreover, STZ-induced diabetic mice displayed an increase in circulating triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) levels (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01, respectively) but a decrease in blood insulin and adiponectin levels (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). These substances are also reversed by TT treatment, indicating TT ameliorated diabetes and dyslipidemia. Membrane skeletal muscular expression levels of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) and expression levels of AMPK phosphorylation (phospho-AMPK) in both liver and skeletal muscle were reduced in STZ-induced diabetic mice, which normalized upon TT treatment and correction of hyperglycemia accompanied with a decrease in mRNA levels of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) and glucose-6-phosphatase (G6 Pase), which was related to the inhibition of hepatic glucose production and attenuating diabetic state. In addition, TT also showed hypolipidemic effect by increasing hepatic expression levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) and mRNA levels of carnitine palmitoyl transferase Ia (CPT-1a) but decreasing expression levels of fatty acid synthase (FAS), which further contributed to a decrease in circulating TG levels. TT-treated mice displayed decreased SREBP2 mRNA levels and reduced blood TC levels. These findings strongly support that TT prevents diabetic and dyslipidemic states in STZ-induced diabetic mice evidenced by regulation of GLUT4, PPARα, FAS, and phosphorylation of AMPK.