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Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR

Lower Extremity Vascular Access in Neonates and Infants: A Single Institutional Experience.


PMID 26505937

Abstract

To demonstrate feasibility and evaluate outcomes of direct-stick saphenous and single-incision tunneled femoral noncuffed central venous catheters (CVCs) placed in a large series of neonates and infants at a single institution. A retrospective review was performed for all neonates and infants receiving a lower extremity CVC by interventional radiology between 2007 and 2012. Technical success, mechanical and infectious complications, and catheter outcomes were recorded. There were 271 primary insertions performed in 243 children by interventional radiologists in the interventional radiology suite or at the bedside. CVCs were placed via the femoral vein with single-incision technique (84.9%) or the saphenous vein via a direct-stick technique (15.1%), with a technical success rate of 100%. The total number of catheter-days was 7,917 days (median, 19 d; range, 0-220 d). The number of primary catheter-days was 5,333 days (median, 15 d; range, 0-123.0 d), and salvage procedures prolonged catheter life by 2,584 days (median, 15 d; range, 1.0-101.0 d). The mechanical and adjusted infectious complication rates were 1.67 and 0.44 per 100 catheter-days. Image-guided placement of saphenous or tunneled femoral catheters using a single incision is a safe and feasible method for vascular access in neonates and infants.

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