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Carcinogenesis

In-vivo carcinogenicity of 2-nitro-oxaphenalenes.


PMID 2650905

Abstract

2-Nitro-oxaphenalenes are synthetic chemicals which were synthesized in the authors' laboratory. They are the most efficient mutagenic compounds on mammalian cells in culture. They are chemically related to the nitro-naphthofuran family by the displacement of the heterocycle on the naphthalene ring. Since nitro-naphthofurans have a strong mutagenic activity in bacterial tests without metabolic activation and are active in-vivo carcinogens, the purpose of this study was to demonstrate the carcinogenic activity of two 2-nitro-oxaphenalenes. The two compounds were injected s.c. into Wistar rats initially 6-weeks-old. They were dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) at a concentration of 1 mg/ml. A s.c. injection of 0.5 ml containing 0.5 mg of carcinogen was given once a week in the neck of each animal tested. Five control animals were not injected and five animals received 0.5-ml injection of DMSO every week to serve as a control. The animals developed tumors only at the site of injection. The tumors were classified as high grade fibrosarcomas. This experiment demonstrates that: (i) 2-nitro-oxaphenalenes are very active in-vivo carcinogens in rats; (ii) there is a good correlation between the high mutagenic activity especially in mammalian tests and the strong carcinogenicity of the compounds; and (iii) the presence of a 6-methoxy group increases by two-fold the carcinogenic potential.

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