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Chemosphere

Fructose as a novel photosensitizer: Characterization of reactive oxygen species and an application in degradation of diuron and chlorpyrifos.


PMID 26519800

Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated from the exposure of fructose solution to the 254 nm ultraviolet (UV) light and evaluate whether fructose can be used as a photosensitizer for accelerated photo-degradation of diuron and chlorpyrifos. We demonstrated that hydrogen peroxide, singlet oxygen ((1)O2) and acidic photolysis products were generated upon UV exposure of fructose. Consistent with these findings, UV induced degradation of chlorpyrifos and diuron was accelerated by the presence of 500 mM fructose. The average first order photo-degradation rate constants in the absence and presence of 500 mM fructose were 0.92 and 2.07 min(-1) respectively for diuron and 0.04 and 0.07 min(-1) for chlorpyrifos. The quantum yields (ɸ) for direct photo-degradation of diuron and chlorpyrifos were 0.003 and 0.001 respectively. In the presence of 500 mM fructose, these values increased to 0.006 and 0.002 respectively. Thus, fructose may be an effective photosensitizer.

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