Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology

Formulation and stabilization of riboflavin in liposomal preparations.

PMID 26546920


A study of the formulation of liposomal preparations of riboflavin (RF) with compositional variations in the content of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and their entrapment efficiency (26-42%) have been conducted. Light transmission characteristics of the liposomal preparations have been determined to evaluate their effect on the amount of light passing through the system to initiate a photochemical reaction. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) have been used to study the physical characteristics of liposomes. The liposomal preparations of RF have been subjected to photolysis using visible light and the apparent first- order rate constant, kobs, for the degradation of RF have been determined. The values of kobs (1.73-2.29×10(-3)min(-1)) have been found to decrease linearly with an increase in PC concentration in the range of 12.15 to 14.85 mM. Thus, an increase in PC concentration of liposomes leads to an increase in the stability of RF. RF and its main photoproduct, lumichrome (LC), formed in liposomes have been assayed by a two-component spectrometric method at 356 and 445 nm using an irrelevant absorption correction to compensate for the interference of liposomal components. The fluorescence measurements of RF in liposomes indicate excited singlet state quenching and the formation of a charge-transfer complex between RF and PC. It results in electron transfer from PC to RF to cause photoreduction and stabilization of RF.

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