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Circulation. Cardiovascular interventions

Efficacy of ex vivo autologous and in vivo platelet transfusion in the reversal of P2Y12 inhibition by clopidogrel, prasugrel, and ticagrelor: the APTITUDE study.


PMID 26553698

Abstract

Allogenic platelet transfusions (PT) are administered to treat excessive bleeding in patients on P2Y12 receptor inhibitors (RI). We assessed the effect of ex vivo and in vivo PT on platelet activation and aggregation in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy. In the Antagonize P2Y12 Treatment Inhibitors by Transfusion of Platelets in an Urgent or Delayed Timing After Acute Coronary Syndrome or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Presentation-Acute Coronary Syndrome (APTITUDE-ACS) study, patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome or for elective percutaneous coronary intervention, receiving loading doses of clopidogrel (600 mg, n=13 or 900 mg, n=12), prasugrel 60 mg (n=10), or ticagrelor 180 mg (n=10) were included. PT was performed ex vivo by mixing platelet-rich plasma from blood sampling performed at baseline in increasing proportions with platelet-rich plasma sampled 4 hours after loading dose. The percentage restoration of residual platelet aggregation achieved with 80% proportion PT (residual platelet aggregation 80% PT mix/residual platelet aggregation baseline×100) significantly decreased with increasing potency of P2Y12 RI (83.9±11%, 73±14%, 66.3±15%, 40.9±19% for clopidogrel 600 mg, clopidogrel 900 mg, prasugrel, and ticagrelor, respectively; P for trend <0.0001). In the APTITUDE-Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (APTITUDE-CABG) study, vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein-platelet reactivity index, a specific marker of the P2Y12 RI drug-effect, was assessed before and after in vivo PT administered for excessive bleeding in patients undergoing cardiac surgery while on a maintenance dose of aspirin and clopidogrel (n=45), prasugrel (n=6), or ticagrelor (n=3). When compared with baseline, there was a significant relative increase of 23.1% in platelet activation after PT transfusion (42.2±23.6% versus 56.6±18.2%; P=0.0008). PT restores platelet reactivity in patients with acute coronary syndrome/percutaneous coronary intervention and in patients undergoing cardiac surgery on P2Y12 RI while bleeding with a less effect with increasing potency of P2Y12 inhibition. URL: http://www.recherche-biomedicale.sante.gouv.fr/pro/comites/coordonnees.htm and http://www.cnil.fr/. Unique identifiers: No. 301111 and No. 1547216v0.

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