Phytotherapy research : PTR

Apoptotic Effect of Sanggenol L via Caspase Activation and Inhibition of NF-κB Signaling in Ovarian Cancer Cells.

PMID 26555861


In the present study, the underlying apoptotic mechanism of sanggenol L was elucidated in ovarian cancer cells. Sanggenol L showed cytotoxic and antiproliferative effect in A2780, SKOV-3, and OVCAR-3 ovarian cancer cells in a concentration-dependent fashion. Consistently, sanggenol L increased sub-G1 phase population and early and late apoptotic portion in ovarian cancer cells. Also, sanggenol L activated caspase9/3, suppressed the phosphorylation of IκBα and p65 NF-κB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells), attenuated the expression of Cyclin D1, and cleaved poly(adenosine diphosphate ribose -ribose) polymerase in SKOV-3, A2780, and OVCAR-3 cells. Furthermore, sanggenol L blocked nuclear translocation of NF-κB and also attenuated the expression of NF-κB related genes such as c-Myc, Cyclin D1, and Bcl-X L, Bcl-2, in lipopolysaccharide-treated SKOV-3 cells. Overall, our findings for the first time suggest that sanggenol L induces apoptosis via caspase activation and inhibition of NF-κB/IκBα phosphorylation as a potent chemotherapeutic agent for ovarian cancers.