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Biochemistry

Neuropathy Target Esterase Is Degraded by the Ubiquitin-Proteasome Pathway with ARA54 as the Ubiquitin Ligase.


PMID 26606397

Abstract

Neuropathy target esterase (NTE) is an endoplasmic reticulum membrane-associated phospholipase B, which is essential for embryonic and nervous system development. However, the regulation of NTE at the protein level had not been thoroughly investigated. Our previous study showed that NTE was degraded not only by the macroautophagy-lysosome pathway but also by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Here we further reveal that androgen receptor-associated protein 54 (ARA54) regulated the ubiquitin-proteasome degradation of NTE. We find that deletion of the regulatory domain of NTE, which possesses a putative destruction box and thus is essential for its degradation by the proteasome, prevented its degradation by the proteasome. In addition, we demonstrate that ARA54, which has a RING finger domain and E3 ligase activity, interacts directly with NTE. Overexpression of ARA54 downregulates the protein level of NTE, and knockdown of ARA54 inhibits the degradation of NTE. The mutation in the RING domain of ARA54 blocks the degradation of NTE by ARA54, which indicates that the RING domain is essential for ARA54's E3 activity. These findings suggest that ARA54 acts as the ubiquitin ligase to regulate the ubiquitin-proteasome degradation of NTE.

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