Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine

Reduction of Respiratory Motion During PET/CT by Pulsatile-Flow Ventilation: A First Clinical Evaluation.

PMID 26635339


Respiratory motion negatively affects PET/CT image quality and quantitation. A novel Pulsatile-Flow Ventilation (PFV) system reducing respiratory motion was applied in spontaneously breathing patients to induce sustained apnea during PET/CT. Four patients (aged 65 ± 14 y) underwent PET/CT for pulmonary nodule staging (mean, 11 ± 7 mm; range, 5-18 mm) at 63 ± 3 min after (18)F-FDG injection and then at 47 ± 7 min afterward, during PFV-induced apnea (with imaging lasting ≥8.5 min). Anterior-posterior thoracic amplitude, SUVmax, and SUVpeak (SUVmean in a 1-cm-diameter sphere) were compared. PFV PET/CT reduced thoracic amplitude (80%), increased mean lesion SUVmax (29%) and SUVpeak (11%), decreased lung background SUVpeak (25%), improved lesion detectability, and increased SUVpeak lesion-to-background ratio (54%). On linear regressions, SUVmax and SUVpeak significantly improved (by 35% and 23%, respectively; P ≤ 0.02). PFV-induced apnea reduces thoracic organ motion and increases lesion SUV, detectability, and delineation, thus potentially affecting patient management by improving diagnosis, prognostication, monitoring, and external-radiation therapy planning.