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The Prostate

Histopathological features of intra-ductal carcinoma of prostatic and high grade prostatic intraepithelialneoplasia and correlation with PTEN and P63.


PMID 26643011

Abstract

The main morphologic differential diagnosis of intra-ductal carcinoma of prostate (IDC-P) is high grade prostatic intraepithelialneoplasia (HGPIN). Since IDC-P, unlike PIN, was strongly correlated with aggressive prostate cancer, differentiation of these is too necessary. So we evaluated immunohistopathological patterns and the prognostic factors of IDC-P and HGPIN, in radical prostatectomy samples. We evaluated 250 radical prostatectomy and detected 210 cases of prostatic adenocarcinoma without IDC-P foci, 40 cases with adenocarcinoma concomitant IDC-P, and 40 cases HGPIN; therefore, we evaluated immunohistopathological criteria in these groups. Data were analyzed using SPSS and P-value <0.05 was considered as the statistical significant level. PSA level was significantly higher in IDC-P compared with non-IDC-P patients (15.7 ± 3.1 vs. 10.2 ± 4.3, P = 0.041). All pathological and morphologic features, also invasions factors were higher in IDC-P compared to non-IDC-P groups (P < 0.001). P63 was positive expressed in all IDC-P and HGPIN specimen. PTEN protein was diffusely expressed in the cytoplasm of all HGPIN but in 4 (11.1%) of IDC-P. PTEN and P63 were negative in adenocarcinoma foci. We found that IDC-P had a unique histoclinical feature and was strongly associated with poor prognostic factors. Diagnosis and report of IDC-P should be considered in all prostate specimens. Also, we recommend PTEN IHC application for differentiated IDC-P from HGPIN in biopsies.